The Dangers of High Blood Pressure
Hypertension, or as it is popularly known throughout the world, High Blood Pressure is one of the most silent yet potent killers today. In fact, one out of every three adults in the UK suffers from this health condition.
When someone suffers from this condition, it normally means that the person’s blood pressure levels have increased significantly, usually without direct cause. Although it usually occurs without cause in majority of the cases, in some it can be traced to medical conditions such as a kidney disease or tumor.
High Blood Pressure hardly develops suddenly; instead its development is quite gradual, and it occurs undetected except through a medical checkup. The main reason why people usually don’t realize they have a high blood pressure is that there are hardly any symptoms associated with it initially. In some cases, though, it could cause headache, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Due to the lack of symptoms, it usually goes untreated causing further damage and a number of complications to various parts of the body. Some of these complications are:
- Eye Problems: When you suffer from hypertension over a very long period of time, the blood vessels related to the eye become thicker and may leak. This condition is known as hypertensive retinopathy. While a lot of patients do not suffer from any symptoms during this condition, some people report headaches and a decreased vision
- Brain Damage: When the blood supply to the brain is impeded, it can result in ministroke, dementia, and cognitive impairment. High blood pressure is known to cause such impediments, thereby increasing your chances or inflicting brain damage
- Heart Problems: Heart is one of the main organs directly affected due to high blood pressure, because high blood pressure means there’s a lot of pressure on the heart as well. This can lead to several life-threatening complications such as heart attack or even heart failure
- Kidney Failure: This is caused due to a condition named as hypertensive nephropathy, which is caused due to chronic high blood pressure
Apart from these major conditions, high blood pressure can also cause a lot of other non-lethal yet serious complications. However, the good news is that with regular health checkups and minor changes to your lifestyle, you can keep a check on your blood pressure and avoid all the complications associated with it.